“88 Books That Shaped America”, LOC ~ Celebration exhibition June 25 – Sept 29th

“Books That Shaped America”

The Library of Congress –the world’s largest repository of knowledge and information–is beginning its multiyear “Celebration of the Book” with an exhibition, “Books That Shaped America,” opening June 25. The exhibition is part of a larger series of programs, symposia and other events that explore the important and varied ways that books influence our lives.

The “Books That Shaped America” exhibition will be on view from June 25 through Sept. 29 in the Southwest Gallery, located on the second floor of the Thomas Jefferson Building, 10 First St. S.E., Washington, D.C., from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Saturday. * This exhibition is made possible through the support of the National Book Festival Fund.

 

 
Here is their list of 88 books, in the order in which they were published:
 

In 1751, Peter Collinson, president of the Royal Society, arranged for the publication of a series of letters from Benjamin Franklin, written between 1747 and 1750, describing his experiments with electricity.

Franklin demonstrated his new theory of the general electrical “action” of positive and negative charges, suggested the electrical nature of lightning, and proposed a grounded rod as a protection against lightning.

Through the publication of these experiments, Franklin became the first American to gain an international reputation for his scientific work.

In 1753 he received the Copley Medal of the Royal Society for his contributions to the knowledge of electricity and lightning. 1. Benjamin Franklin, Experiments and Observations on Electricity (1751)

2. Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard Improved (1758) and The Way to Wealth

3. Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776)

4. Noah Webster, A Grammatical Institute of the English Language (1783)

5. The Federalist (1787)

6. A Curious Hieroglyphick Bible (1788)

7. Christopher Colles, A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America (1789)

8. Benjamin Franklin, The Private Life of the Late Benjamin Franklin, LL.D. (1793)

9. Amelia Simmons, American Cookery (1796)

10. New England Primer (1803)

11. Meriwether Lewis, History of the Expedition Under the Command of the Captains Lewis and Clark (1814)

One of the first works of fiction by an American author to become popular outside the United States, Washington Irving’s The Legend of Sleepy Hollow was first published as part of The Sketchbook in 1820.

Irving’s vivid imagery involving the wild supernatural pursuit by the Headless Horseman has sustained interest in this popular folktale through many printed editions, as well as film, stage, and musical adaptations.

The bold cover art of the 1899 edition is the work of Margaret Armstrong (1867–1944), the preeminent designer of decorated cloth publishers’ bindings between 1890 and 1913.

12. Washington Irving, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820)

13. William Holmes McGuffey, McGuffey’s Newly Revised Eclectic Primer (1836)

14. Samuel Goodrich, Peter Parley’s Universal History (1837)

15. Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

When Hester Prynne bears an illegitimate child she is introduced to the ugliness, complexity, and ultimately the strength of the human spirit. Though set in Puritan community centuries ago, the moral dilemmas of personal responsibility, and consuming emotions of guilt, anger, loyalty and revenge are timeless.

“The scarlet letter was her passport into regions where other women dared not to tread. Shame, Despair, Solitude! These had been her teachers—stern and wild ones—and they had made her strong, but taught her much amiss.” – Nathaniel Hawthorne

16. Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter (1850)

Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is a novel by Herman Melville, first published in 1851. It is considered to be one of the Great American Novels and a treasure of world literature. The story tells the adventures of wandering sailor Ishmael, and his voyage on the whaleship Pequod, commanded by Captain Ahab. Ishmael soon learns that Ahab has one purpose on this voyage: to seek out Moby Dick, a ferocious, enigmatic white sperm whale. In a previous encounter, the whale destroyed Ahab’s boat and bit off his leg, which now drives Ahab to take revenge.

Few things, even in literature, can really be said to be unique — but Moby Dick is truly unlike anything written before or since. The novel is nominally about the obsessive hunt by the crazed Captain Ahab of the book’s eponymous white whale. But interspersed in that story are digressions, paradoxes, philosophical riffs on whaling and life, and a display of techniques so advanced for its time that some have referred to the 1851 Moby Dick as the first “modern” novel.” (Summary by Stewart Wills)

17. Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale (1851)


Harriet Beecher Stowe’s best known novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), changed forever how Americans viewed slavery, the system that treated people as property. It demanded that the United States deliver on the promise of freedom and equality, galvanized the abolition movement and contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. The book calls on us to confront the legacy of race relations in the U.S. as the title itself became a racial slur.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a runaway best-seller, selling 10,000 copies in the United States in its first week; 300,000 in the first year; and in Great Britain, 1.5 million copies in one year. It resonates with an international audience as a protest novel and literary work.

18. Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852)

19. Henry David Thoreau, Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854)

20. Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass (1855)

21. Louisa May Alcott, Little Women, or, Meg, Jo, Beth, and Amy (1868)

22. Horatio Alger Jr., Mark, the Match Boy (1869)

23. Catharine E. Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe, The American Woman’s Home (1869)

Novelist Ernest Hemingway famously said, “All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. . . .” All American writing comes from that. There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since.” During their trip down the Mississippi on a raft, Twain depicts in a satirical and humorous way Huck and Jim’s encounters with hypocrisy, racism, violence, and other evils of American society. His use in serious literature of a lively, simple American language full of dialect and colloquial expressions paved the way for many later writers, including Hemingway and William Faulkner.

24. Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)

25. Emily Dickinson, Poems (1890)

An early example of photojournalism as vehicle for social change, Riis’s book demonstrated to the middle and upper classes of New York City the slum-like conditions of the tenements of the Lower East Side. Following the book’s publication (and the public’s uproar), proper sewers, plumbing, and trash collection eventually came to the neighborhood.

“Most of the foundlings come from the East Side, where they are left by young mothers without wedding-ring or other name than their own to bestow upon the baby, returning from the island hospital to face an unpitying world with the evidence of their shame.” —Chap. XVI. Jacob Riis

26. Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives (1890)

27. Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage (1895)

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in 1900, is the first fantasy written by an American to enjoy an immediate success upon publication. So powerful was its effect on the American imagination, so evocative its use of the forces of nature in its plots, so charming its invitation to children of all ages to look for the element of wonder in the world around them that author L. Frank Baum was forced by demand to create book after book about Dorothy and her friends—including the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, the Cowardly Lion, and Glinda the Good Witch.

28. L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

29. Sarah H. Bradford, Harriet, The Moses of Her People (1901)

30. Ida Tarbell, The History of Standard Oil (1904)

Jack London’s experiences during the Klondike gold rush in the Yukon were the inspiration for The Call of the Wild. He saw the way dogsled teams behaved and how their owners treated (and mistreated) them. In the book, the dog Buck’s comfortable life is upended when gold is discovered in the Klondike. From then on, survival of the fittest becomes Buck’s mantra as he learns to confront and survive the harsh realities of his new life as a sled dog.

31. Jack London, The Call of the Wild (1903)

32. W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903)

33. Upton Sinclair, The Jungle (1906)

34. Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams (1907)

Pragmatism was America’s first major contribution to philosophy, and it is an ideal rooted in the American ethos of no-nonsense solutions to real problems. Although James did not originate the idea, he popularized the philosophy through his voluminous writings.

William James was an original thinker in and between the disciplines of physiology, psychology and philosophy. His twelve-hundred page masterwork, The Principles of Psychology (1890), is a rich blend of physiology, psychology, philosophy, and personal reflection that has given us such ideas as “the stream of thought” and the baby’s impression of the world “as one great blooming, buzzing confusion” (PP 462). It contains seeds of pragmatism and phenomenology, and influenced generations of thinkers in Europe and America, including Edmund Husserl, Bertrand Russell, John Dewey, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. James studied at Harvard’s Lawrence Scientific School and the School of Medicine, but his writings were from the outset as much philosophical as scientific. “Some Remarks on Spencer’s Notion of Mind as Correspondence” (1878) and “The Sentiment of Rationality” (1879, 1882) presage his future pragmatism and pluralism, and contain the first statements of his view that philosophical theories are reflections of a philosopher’s temperament.

35. William James, Pragmatism (1907)

36. Zane Grey, Riders of the Purple Sage (1912)

37. Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes (1914)

38. Margaret Sanger, Family Limitation (1914)

A practicing physician for more than forty years, William Carlos Williams became an experimenter, innovator, and revolutionary figure in American poetry. In reaction against the rigid, rhyming format of nineteenth-century poets, Williams, his friend Ezra Pound, and other early-twentieth-century poets formed the core of what became known as the “Imagist” movement. Their poetry focused on verbal pictures and moments of revealed truth, rather than a structure of consecutive events or thoughts and was expressed in free verse rather than rhyme.

Spring and All, Williams’s first book of poems in this modern style, greatly influenced poetry in the rest of the twentieth century and beyond.

39. William Carlos Williams, Spring and All (1923)

40. Robert Frost, New Hampshire (1923)

41. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (1925)

42. Langston Hughes, The Weary Blues (1925)

43. William Faulkner, The Sound and the Fury (1929)

44. Dashiell Hammett, Red Harvest (1929)

45. Irma Rombauer, Joy of Cooking (1931)

46. Margaret Mitchell, Gone With the Wind (1936)

The mother of all self-help books, Dale Carnegie’s volume has sold 15 million copies and been translated into more than thirty languages. How to Win Friends and Influence People has also spawned hundreds of other books, many of them imitators, written to advise on everything from improving one’s relationships to improving one’s bank account.

Carnegie acknowledged that he was inspired by Benjamin Franklin, a young man who proclaimed that “God helps them that helped themselves” as a way to get ahead in life.

47. Dale Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936)

48. Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937)

49. Federal Writers’ Project, Idaho: A Guide in Word and Pictures (1937)

50. Thornton Wilder, Our Town: A Play (1938)

51. Alcoholics Anonymous (1939)

Few novels can claim that their message led to actual legislation, but The Grapes of Wrath did just that. Its story of the travails of Oklahoma migrants during the Great Depression ignited a movement in Congress to pass laws benefiting farm workers. When Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize in 1962, the committee specifically cited this novel as one of the main reasons for the award.

His first three novels—Cup of Gold (1929), The Pastures of Heaven (1932), and To a God Unknown (1933)—were unsuccessful, but he achieved popularity with Tortilla Flat (1935; film, 1942), an affectionately told story of Mexican-Americans. In Dubious Battle (1936) is a classic account of a strike by farm workers. The novella Of Mice And Men (1937; films, 1939, 1999) is a tragic story about the strange, complex bond between two migrant laborers. Another notable achievement of this period was The Red Pony (1937; film, 1949).

The Grapes Of Wrath (1939, Pulitzer Prize; film, 1940), the story of the migration of a dispossessed family from the Oklahoma Dust Bowl to California and their subsequent exploitation by a ruthless system of agricultural economics, earned him international fame. It was the last of his naturalistic novels of the 1930s with proletarian themes, works which, with their rich symbolic structures, effectively convey the mythopoetic and symbolic qualities of his characters.

52. John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath (1939)

53. Ernest Hemingway, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)

54. Richard Wright, Native Son (1940)

A Tree Grows in Brooklyn is the account of a girl growing up in the tenements of turn-of-the-twentieth-century Brooklyn. An early socially conscious novel, the book examines poverty, alcoholism, gender roles, loss of innocence, and the struggle to live the American Dream in an inner city neighborhood of Irish American immigrants. The book was enormously popular and became a popular film directed by Elia Kazan.

Although the book addresses many different issues—poverty, alcoholism, lying, etc.–its main theme is the need for tenacity: the determination to rise above difficult circumstances. Although there are naturalistic elements in the book, it is not fundamentally naturalistic. The Nolans are financially restricted by poverty but yet find ways to enjoy life and satisfy their needs and wants. For example, Francie can become intoxicated just by looking at flowers. Like the Tree of Heaven, Brooklyn’s inhabitants fight for the sun and air necessary to their survival.

Idealism and pragmatism are weighed and both found necessary to survival in Brooklyn. Johnny lies about his family’s address in order to enable Francie to attend a better school, presenting Francie with opportunities that might not have been available to her otherwise. Sissy helps Johnny recover from alcoholic withdrawals by appealing to his libido, helping Katie and Johnny to stay together despite Johnny’s disease. Katie explains love and sexuality to Francie from two somewhat clashing points of view: as a mother and as a woman. The book revises traditional notions of right and wrong and suggests pointedly that extreme poverty changes the criteria on which such notions, and those who embrace them, should be judged.

Gender roles are more fluid in A Tree than in previous novels about young people.

55. Betty Smith, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1943)

56. Benjamin A. Botkin, A Treasury of American Folklore (1944)

57. Gwendolyn Brooks, A Street in Bronzeville (1945)

58. Benjamin Spock, The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care (1946)

59. Eugene O’Neill, The Iceman Cometh (1946)

60. Margaret Wise Brown, Goodnight Moon (1947)

61. Tennessee Williams, A Streetcar Named Desire (1947)

Alfred Kinsey created a fire storm when he published this volume on men in 1948 and a companion on women five years later. No one had ever reported on such taboo subjects before and no one had used scientific data in such detail to challenge the prevailing notions of sexual behavior. Kinsey’s openness regarding human sexuality was a harbinger of the 1960s sexual revolution in America.

When published in 1948, this volume encountered a storm of both condemnation and acclaim. Dr. Kinsey and his fellow researchers employed interviews to accumulate a body of empirical data regarding sex. Based on the personal histories of approximately 5,300 males, this volume describes the methodology, sampling, coding, interviewing, and statistical analyses used, and then examines sexual outlet and the factors and sources involved.

“The Kinsey Report”, as this book was popularly designated fifty years ago, represents a milestone on the path toward a scientific understanding of human sexual behavior.

62. Alfred C. Kinsey, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948)

Since his debut in 1951 as the narrator of The Catcher in the Rye, sixteen-year-old Holden Caulfield has been synonymous with adolescent alienation and angst. The influential story concerns three days after Holden has been expelled from prep school.

Confused and disillusioned, he wanders New York City searching for truth and rails against the phoniness of the adult world. Holden is the ‘first great American antihero’, and his attitudes influenced the Beat Generation of the 1950s as well as the hippies of the 1960s. The Catcher in the Rye is one of the most translated, taught, and reprinted books and has sold some 65 million copies.

63. J. D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye (1951)

64. Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man (1952)


According to Publishers Weekly, Charlotte’s Web is the best-selling paperback for children of all time. One reason may be that, although it was written for children, reading it is just as enjoyable for adults. This story of a clever and compassionate spider and her scheme to save the life of Wilber the pig is especially notable for the way it treats death as a natural and inevitable part of life in a way that is palatable for young people.

Sixty years ago, on October 15, 1952, E.B. White’s Charlotte’s Web was published. It’s gone on to become one of the most beloved children’s books of all time. To celebrate this milestone, the renowned Newbery Medalist Kate DiCamillo has written a heartfelt and poignant tribute to the book that is itself a beautiful translation of White’s own view of the world—of the joy he took in the change of seasons, in farm life, in the miracles of life and death, and, in short, the glory of everything.

We are proud to include Kate DiCamillo’s foreword in the 60th anniversary editions of this cherished classic.

65. E. B. White, Charlotte’s Web (1952)

66. Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451 (1953)

67. Allen Ginsberg, Howl (1956)

68. Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged (1957)

Theodore Seuss Geisel was removed as editor of the campus humor magazine while a student at Dartmouth College after too much reveling with fellow students. In spite of this prohibition-era setback to his writing career, he continued to contribute to the magazine pseudonymously, signing his work “Seuss.” This is the first known use of his pseudonym, which became famous in children’s literature when it evolved into “Dr. Seuss.” His introduction to animation and illustration came during World War II, when he worked on military training films and developed a character named Private Snafu. The Cat in the Hat is considered the defining book of his career. More than 200 million Dr. Seuss books have been sold around the world.

69. Dr. Seuss, The Cat in the Hat (1957)

70. Jack Kerouac, On the Road (1957)


This 1960 Pulitzer Prize winner was an immediate critical and financial success for its author, with more than 30 million copies in print to date. Harper Lee created one of the most enduring and heroic characters in all of American literature in Atticus Finch, the small-town lawyer who defended a wrongly accused black man. The book’s importance was recognized by the 1961 Washington Post reviewer: “A hundred pounds of sermons on tolerance, or an equal measure of invective deploring the lack of it, will weigh far less in the scale of enlightenment than a mere eighteen ounces of new fiction bearing the title To Kill a Mockingbird.”

The plot and characters are loosely based on the author’s observations of her family and neighbors, as well as on an event that occurred near her hometown in 1936, when she was 10 years old.

The novel is renowned for its warmth and humor, despite dealing with the serious issues of rape and racial inequality. The narrator’s father, Atticus Finch, has served as a moral hero for many readers and as a model of integrity for lawyers. One critic explains the novel’s impact by writing,

In the twentieth century, To Kill a Mockingbird is probably the most widely read book dealing with race in America, and its protagonist, Atticus Finch, the most enduring fictional image of racial heroism.”

As a Southern Gothic novel and a Bildungsroman, the primary themes of To Kill a Mockingbird involve racial injustice and the destruction of innocence. Scholars have noted that Lee also addresses issues of class, courage, compassion, and gender roles in the American Deep South. The book is widely taught in schools in English-speaking countries with lessons that emphasize tolerance and decry prejudice.

71. Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird (1960)

72. Joseph Heller, Catch-22 (1961)

73. Robert E. Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land (1961)

74. Jack Ezra Keats, The Snowy Day (1962)

75. Maurice Sendak, Where the Wild Things Are (1963)

76. James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time (1963)

The Feminine Mystique, by Betty Friedan (1921–2006), is one of a relative handful of modern books that can truly be said to have altered dramatically the course of thinking—in this case, about the role of women. After the book was published in 1963, it touched off a national debate about women’s roles and quickly became a central text in modern feminism. Indeed, that debate sometimes became fierce, for Friedan and her family were forced to move out of their New York City neighborhood because of threats from angry neighbors.

Friedan earned a bachelor’s degree in psychology from Smith College and continued her studies in psychology at the University of California at Berkeley. She then moved to New York City, where, in addition to writing freelance magazine articles, she married, had children, and adopted the traditional role of homemaker. The genesis of The Feminine Mystique was her fifteen-year class reunion at Smith. She later distributed a questionnaire to two hundred…

By debunking the “feminine mystique” that middle-class women were happy and fulfilled as housewives and mothers, Betty Friedan inspired the second-wave feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Friedan advocates that women need meaningful work and encourages them to avoid the trap of the “feminine mystique” by pursuing education and careers. By 2000 this touchstone of the women’s movement had sold three million copies and was translated into several languages.

77. Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique (1963)


When The Autobiography of Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little) was published, the New York Times called it a “brilliant, painful, important book,” and it has become a classic American autobiography. Written in collaboration with Alex Haley (author of Roots), the book expressed for many African Americans what the mainstream civil rights movement did not: their anger and frustration with the intractability of racial injustice. In 1998, Time magazine listed The Autobiography of Malcolm X as one of ten “required reading” nonfiction books.

If there was any one man who articulated the anger, the struggle, and the beliefs of African Americans in the 1960s, that man was Malxolm X. His AUTOBIOGRAPHY is now an established classic of modern America, a book that expresses like none other the crucial truth about our times.

78. Malcolm X and Alex Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965)

79. Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed (1965)

80. Rachel Carson, Silent Spring (1962)

81. Truman Capote, In Cold Blood (1966)

James D. Watson’s personal account of the discovery of DNA changed the way Americans regarded the genre of the scientific memoir and set a new standard for first-person accounts. Dealing with personalities, controversies, and conflicts, the book also changed the way the public thought about how science and scientists work, showing that scientific enterprise can at times be a messy and cut-throat business.

James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist, geneticist, and zoologist, best known as a co-discoverer of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material“. After studies at the University of Chicago and Indiana University, he worked at the University of Cambridge’s Cavendish Laboratory in England, where he first met his future collaborator and friend Francis Crick.

In 1990, Watson was appointed as the Head of the Human Genome Project at the National Institutes of Health, a position he held until April 10, 1992. Watson left the Genome Project after conflicts with the new NIH Director, Bernadine Healy. Watson was opposed to Healy’s attempts to acquire patents on gene sequences, and any ownership of the “laws of nature.” Two years before stepping down from the Genome Project, he had stated his own opinion on this long and ongoing controversy which he saw as an illogical barrier to research; he said, “The nations of the world must see that the human genome belongs to the world’s people, as opposed to its nations.” He left within weeks of the 1992 announcement that the NIH would be applying for patents on brain-specific cDNAs. (The issue of the patentability of genes is still not resolved in the US; see Association for Molecular Pathology v. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office)

82. James D. Watson, The Double Helix (1968)

83. Dee Brown, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (1970)


In the early 1970s a dozen Boston feminists collaborated in this groundbreaking publication that presented accurate information on women’s health and sexuality based on their own experiences. Advocating improved doctor-patient communication and shared decision-making,

Our Bodies, Ourselves explored ways for women to take charge of their own health issues and to work for political and cultural change that would ameliorate women’s lives. Readers’ responses played a critical role in the evolution of each of the nine revised editions and more than twenty foreign-language translations that continue to educate and empower a worldwide movement for improved women’s health.

84. Boston Women’s Health Book Collective, Our Bodies, Ourselves (1971)

85. Carl Sagan, Cosmos (1980)

86. Toni Morrison, Beloved (1987) Pulitzer Prize Winner 1988.

87. Randy Shilts, And the Band Played On (1987)

César Chávez (1927–1993), founder of the United Farm Workers, was as impassioned as he was undeterred in his quest for better working conditions for farm workers. He was a natural communicator whose speeches and writings led to many improvements in wages and working conditions.

Cesar Chavez’s relentless campaign for social justice for farm workers and laborers States in the United States marked a milestone in U.S. history.

Through his powerful rhetoric and impassioned calls to action, Chavez transformed as well as persuaded and inspired his audiences.

88. César Chávez, The Words of César Chávez (2002)

 

A Special mention of The Big Book,

 for all our Women and Men in Recovery :

“Recent news release from the Library of Congress that our book, Alcoholics Anonymous, has been named on its list of 88 Books that Shaped America – books that have “influenced the nation…shaped Americans’ view of their world and the world’s views of America.”

The Big Book will be on display — along with the remaining books on the list – as part of a special exhibition in Washington, D.C., from June 25th through September 29th.

Anyone in need of information on the issue of recovery, please contact Phyllis H.

Phyllis Halliday
General Manager
GSO US/Canada
212-870-3145

They range from Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, to Louisa May Alcott’s Little Women, to The Autobiography of Malcolm X, to the “Big Book” of Alcoholics Anonymous .

 

To kick off its new exhibition, “Books That Shaped America,” the Library of Congress asked curators and experts to compile a list of books that have influenced us as a nation.

The selections come from different centuries and different experiences.

 

The Exhibit 

 June 25 through Sept. 29, 2012

@ Library’s Thomas Jefferson Building

 

MAP

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